Monday, December 12, 2016

Abe Faria Niropya December 2017 Marathi article

   AmYw{ZH$ g§‘mohZemómMo OZH$ A°~o (’$mXa) ’$[a`m
H$m{‘b nmaIo, nwUo
AmnU Oa Jmoì`mVrb nUOrbm H$Yr Jobm Agmb Va VoWrb ‘m§S>drÀ`m Vramda Agbobm Am{Xbemhr amOdmS>m qH$dm OwZo g{Mdmb` Vwåhr ZŠH$sM nm{hbo Agob. Xadfu ’o$~«wdmar-‘mM©bm nUOrV hmoUmè`m H$m{Z©ìhbMr {‘adUyH$ `oWyZM nwT>o gaH$V AgVo. `m ‘Ü``wJrZ H$mimVrb amOdmS>çmÀ`m XmoÝhr ~mOyÀ`m ßbmPm§da XmoZ nwVio C^maÊ`mV Ambobo AmhoV. `m XmoZ nwVù`m§n¡H$s EH$ nwVim Jmodm, X‘U Am{U XrdMo n{hbo _w»`_§Ìr X`mZ§X ~m§XmoS>H$a `m§Mm Amho. amOdmS>çmÀ`m Xþgè`m ~mOybm Agbobm nwVim Hw$UmÀ`mhr ‘ZmV Hw$Vwhb {Z‘m©U H$aob Aem pñWVrV Amho. `m nwVù`m_Yo EH$ _Zwî` Amnbo XmoÝhr hmV C^mê$Z EH$m órbm g§_mo{hV H$aÊ`mMm à`ËZ H$aV Amho Ago OdiyZ {ZarjU Ho$ë`mg {XgyZ `oVo. hm nwVim 18 ì`m eVH$mVrb `wamon_Yrb d¡km{ZH$ g§_mohZ{dÚm emómMo OZH$ Am{U Jmoì`mMo gwnwÌ A°~o S>r ’$[a`m `m§Mm Amho.
1980 À`m XeH$mV _r nUOrVrb Xr ZdqhX Q>mBåg `m ñWm{ZH$ B§J«Or d¥ÎmnÌmgmR>r ~mV‘rXma åhUyZ H$m_ H$arV hmoVmo. V|ìhm hm EH$‘Obr Am{Xbemhr amOdmS>m VmËH$mbrZ Jmodm, X_U Am{U Xrd `m H|§$Ðem{gV àXoemMo g{Mdmb` dm ‘§Ìmb` hmoVo. `m ‘§Ìmb`mÀ`m EH$m H$monè`mV Agbobr EH$ Imobr Amåhm nÌH$mam§gmR>r EH$ àog é_ åhUyZ {Xbr hmoVr.`m àog é‘À`m ~mOybmM gmYmaU 10 _rQ>a A§Vamda A°~o ’$[a`m `m§Mm hm nwVim hmoVm. Jmodm gmoSy>Z AmO AZoH$ df} Pmbr Agbr Var `m A°~o ’$[a`m `m§À`m `m nwVù`m~m~VMo ‘mÂ`m ‘ZmVrb AmH$f©U AmOhr H$‘r Pmbobo Zmhr.
gZ 1961 À`m {S>g|~a_Ü`o ^maV gaH$maMo bîH$ar H$madmB© H$éZ Ë`mH$mir nmoVw©JrOm§À`m Vmã`mV Agbobm Jmodm _wº$ Ho$bm Am{U hm N>moQ>mgm àXoe ^maVg§KamÁ`mMm ^mJ ~Zbm. Jmodm ‘wº$sZ§Va Jmoì`mVrb AZoH$ _moŠ`mÀ`m {R>H$mUr Agboë`m nmoVw©JrO amÁ`nmb d A{YH$mar `m§À`m nwVù`m§Mr CAMb~m§JS>r hmoD$Z Ë`m§Mr dñVwg§J«hmb`mV admZJr H$aÊ`mV Ambr. ‘mÌ nUOrV 1945 gmbr åhUOo nmoVw©JrO amOdQ>rVM C^maÊ`mV Ambobm A°~o S>r ’$[a`m `m§Mm hm nwVim Ë`m {R>H$mUr gÝ‘mZnyd©H$ am{hbm Amho `mMo H$maU åhUOo A°~o ’$[a`m `m§Mo ‘hÎdnyU© `moJXmZ.
Xhm \y$Q> C§MrMm A°~o S>r ’$[a`m `m§Mm hm H$m§ñ` nwVim nmhÿZ `m n[agamV OmUmè`m `oUmè`m bmoH$m§À`m _ZmV gmh{OH$M Hw$Vyhb {Z_m©U H$aVmo. A°~o S>r ’$[a`m `m§Mm OÝ_ Jmoì`mV g‘wÐ{H$Zmè`mda Agboë`m H$m§Xmobr `m JmdmV 31 _o 1756 _Ü`o Pmbm. `m Jmo‘§VH$s`mZo Z§Va `wamonmV EH$ H°$Wmo{bH$ Y‘©Jwé åhUyZ Zmd H$‘mdbo, n°arg‘Ü`o g§§‘mohZemómV Ë`m§Zr ‘moë`dmZ `moJXmZ {Xbo, g§§‘mohZemómda ’«|$M ^mfoV Ë`m§Zr J«§W {b{hbm, Jmoì`mVrb nmoVw©JrO amOdQ> CbWyZ Q>mH$Ê`mMm à`ËZ H$aUmè`m à{gÜX qnQ>mo CR>mdmVhr Ë`m§Mm gh^mJ hmoVm, ho {deof. Ë`m‘wio A°~o S>r ’$[a`m `m§Mo ì`{º$‘Îd B{VhmgH$mam§Zm AmH${f©V H$aVo. A°~moQ> qH$dm ‘R>m‘Ü`o amhUmè`m {¼ñVr Y‘©Jwég ’«|$M ^mfoV A°~o åhUVmV. B§J«Or dm BVa ^mfoV `m Jmo‘§VH$s`mg ’$mXa ’$[a`m åhUyZ g§~mo{Ybo OmD$ eHo$b.
CÎma Jmoì`mVrb ~mX}g VmbwŠ`mVrb H$m§Xmobr ho Omog H$ñQ>{S>Amo ’$[a`m qH$dm A°~o ’$[a`m `m§Mo OÝ‘ñWi. Omog H$ñQ>{S>AmoMo dS>rb H¡$VmZmo pìhVmo[aZmo S>r ’$[a`m ho _yiMo ~mX}g VmbwŠ`mVrbM H$mobdmbo `m JmdMo. gmoimì`m eVH$mÀ`m AIoarg AZ§V eoUB© `m gmañdV ~«m÷UmZo {¼ñVr Y‘m©Mm ñdrH$ma Ho$bm hmoVm. H¡$VmZmo ho `m AZ§V eoUB© `m§Mo d§eO hmoVo.
A°~o ’$[a`m `m§À`m AmB©d{S>bm§Mr nmíd©^y_rhr doJirM hmoVr. Ë`mMo dS>rb H¡$VmZmo ho {¼ñVr Y‘©Jwé hmoÊ`mgmR>r go{‘ZarV {eH$V hmoVo. na§Vw Y‘©JwénXmMr Xrjm {‘iÊ`mAmYrM Ë`m§Zr go{‘Zar gmoS>br. H$m§XmobrÀ`m amoP _m[a`m {S>gmoPm `m `wdVrer Ë`m§Mo b¾ Pmbo. `m Xm§nË`mbm Omog H$ñQ>{S>Amo hm ‘wbJm Pmbm. H¡$VmZmo Am{U amoP `m XmoKm§‘Ü`o H$Yrhr gwg§dmX Agm ZìhVmM. Ë`m‘wio ho b¾ \$º$ ghm df}M {Q>H$bo.Ë`mZ§Va Vo XmoKo n{VnËZr nañna g§_VrZo doJio Pmbo.
nañnamnmgyZ doJio Pmë`mZ§Va H¡$VmZmo Am{U amoP _m[a`m {S>gmoPm `m XmoKm§Zrhr gÝ`mgr Ym{‘©H$ d«V ñdrH$maÊ`mgmR>r MM©Mr nadmZJr {‘idbr. {ddmhrV ì`º$s¨Zm AemàH$mao gÝ`mgr d«V~§Y ghgm {Xbo OmV Zmhr. AemàH$mao H¡$VmZmo `m§Zr Y‘©JwénXmMo {ejU KoÊ`mg nwÝhm gwédmV Ho$br Va amoPm EH$ ZZ hmoÊ`mgmR>r OwÝ`m Jmoì`mVrb gm§Vm _mo{ZH$m H$m°Ýìh|Q>_Ü`o àdoe KoVbm. gm§Vm _mo{ZH$m H$m°Ýìh|Q> `m _R>mMr ^ì` dmñVy AOyZhr ApñVËdmV Amho.
gÝ`mgr Y‘©JwénXmMo {ejU KoUmao d{S>b Am{U ‘R>m‘Ü`o Omo{JU Agbobr AmB© `m§Mm ‘wbJm åhUyZ Omog H$ñQ>{S>Amobm ñWm{ZH$ g‘mOmZo H$b§{H$V ‘mZbo, Ë`m‘wio Ë`mbm Iyn ‘ZñVmn ghZ H$amdm bmJbm. H¡$VmZmo ’$[a`m ho AÎ`§V ‘hÎdmH$m§jr hmoVo. Amnë`m ‘wbmMr hr n[apñWVr nmhÿZ Jmoì`mV amhÿZ Vmo H$Yrhr àJVr H$é eH$Uma Zmhr, Ago `m§Zm dmQ>bo. Ë`m_wio Ë`m§Zr Amnë`m _wbmgmo~V 1771 _Ü`o Jmodm gmoSy>Z nmoVw©Jmbbm Ambo. VoWo Omog H$ñQ>{S>Amo Y‘©Jwé hmoÊ`mgmR>r EH$ ‘R>mV XmIb Pmbm. nwT>o amo‘ `oWo Ym{_©H$ {ejU nyU© Pmë`mZ§Va 12 ‘mM© 1780 amoOr Ë`m§Mm Y‘©Jwé åhUyZ Xrjm{dYr Pmbm.
EH$ CÎm‘ àdMZH$ma åhUyZ A°~o ’$[a`m à{gÜX hmoVo. Ago åhQ>bo OmVo H$s amo_ `oWrb à{gÜX {gñQ>mB©Z M°nb‘Ü`o n{dÌ AmËå`mÀ`m gUm{Z{‘Îm CnXoe H$aÊ`mgmR>r nmon nm`g ghmdo `m§Zr A°~o ’$[a`m§Zm 1780 gmbr {Z_§{ÌV Ho$bo hmoVo. Ë`mdoir Vo \$º$ 24 dfm©§Mo hmoVo. Jmoì`mVrb amemob go{‘ZarVrb àmÜ`mnH$ ’$mXa Am`dmo gmoPm `m§Zr b°{Q>Z ^mfoVrb `m àdMZmMo B§J«OrV ^mfm§Va Ho$bo Amho.
A°~o ’$[a`m `m§À`m OrdZmVrb EH$m _hËdnyU© YQ>ZoMm Ë`m§À`m Am`wî`mda ’$ma _moR>m à^md nS>bm. Ë`m KQ>ZoZo Ë`m§Zm OrdZmbm doJirM H$bmQ>Ur {‘imbr. amo_dê$Z {bñ~Z `oWo naVë`mZ§Va nmoVw©JmbÀ`m amUrZo Amnë`m M°nob‘Ü`o àdMZ XoÊ`mgmR>r `m VéU Y‘©Jwébm {Z_§{ÌV Ho$bo. A°~o ’$[a`m M°nobMo nwbnrQ> MTy>Z Joë`mda ~mobÊ`mAmYr Ë`m§Zm XaXéZ Km‘ ’w$Q>bm. Ë`m§Mo d{S>b Ë`m nwbnrR>mOdiM hmoVo. Amnë`m {Ma§OrdmMr Vr AdñWm nmhÿZ Ë`m§Zr Ë`mÀ`m H$mZmV Amnë`m ‘mV¥^mfoV åhUOo H$moH$Ur ’$º$ EH$M dmŠ` Cƒmabo. Vo dmŠ` EoH$VmM Á`w{Z`a ’$[a`mMr ^rVr nyU© Jm`~ Pmbr. Vo dmŠ` Ago hmoVo. ''nwVm, hr gmoJbr ^mOr, H$mVmoa ao ^mOr!" (Aao ~mim, g‘moaMr hr gJir ^mOr, H$mn hr gJir ^mOr !") Amnbm AmË‘{dídmg H$‘mdë`mda Ë`m§Zr amUr Am{U BVa O‘boë`m bmoH$m§g‘moa à^mdr CnXoe Ho$bm.
`m N>moQ>çmem KQ>ZoMm VéU A°~o ’$[a`mda Imobda narUm‘ Pmbm. Ë`m Ho$di EH$m dmŠ`m‘wio Amnë`m ‘ZmVrb ^rVr Xya hmoD$Z {^VrMr OmJm àM§S> AmË‘{dídmgmZo H$er KoVbr `mMm Ë`m§Zm gVV AM§~m dmQ>V am{hbm. `m‘wioM g§‘mohZemóm~m~V Imobda g§emoYZ H$aÊ`mMo ~rO Ë`m§À`m ‘ZmV amodbo Jobo.
{g{Z`a ’$[a`m Am{U Á`w{Z`a ’$[a`m ho XmoKohr 1787 _Ü`o Jmoì`mV KS>boë`m nmoVw©JrO gaH$ma{damoYr ~§S>mV g{H«$` hmoVo. Ë`mH$mimV Jmo‘§VH$s` Y‘©Jw駑Ü`o Am{U ñWm{ZH$ bîH$ar A{YH$mè`m§‘Ü`o nmoVw©JrO gÎmo{déÜX Ag§Vmof IXIXV hmoVm. µJmo‘§VH$s` Y‘©Jwé§Zm Am{U bîH$ar A{YH$mè`m§Zm Zoho‘rM gmnËZnUmMr dmJUyH$ {‘iVo, Ë`m§Zm S>mdbbo OmVo, Aer Ë`m§Mr ^mdZm hmoVr. `mMrM n[aUVr 1787 gmbÀ`m qnQ>mo ~§S>mV Pmbr, Jmoì`mVrb gm‘«mÁ`dmXr nmoVw©JrO gaH$ma{damoYr ñWm{ZH$ bmoH$m§Zr Ho$bobm hm Xwgam CR>md hmoVm.
nmoVwJuO gaH$maZo ho ~§S> ‘moSy>Z H$mT>bo. nmoVw©JrO gaH$maH$Sy>Z Ë`m§À`m{déÜX H$madmB© Q>miÊ`mgmR>r Á`w{Z`a A°~o ’$[a`m {bñ~ZhÿZ ’«$mÝgbm niyZ Jobo. Ë`mZ§Va ’«$mÝg hrM Ë`m§Mr H$‘©^y‘r ~Zbr. ’«$mÝg_Ü`o Ë`m§Zr g§_mohZemómMr Aä`mg H$éZ `m H$boMo àmË`{jH$ H$éZ VoWo ‘moR>o Zmd H$‘mdbo. EH$ H°$Wmo{bH$ Y‘©Jwé g§‘mohZemómMo g‘W©Z H$aVmo ho AZoH$ Y‘©Jwé§Zm Am{U MM©À`m A{YH$mè`m§Zm AmdS>bo Zmhr. g§‘mohZ H$aUr ho g¡VmZmMo H¥$Ë` Amho Ago Ë`m§À`m {damoYH$m§Mo åhUUo hmoVo.
‘mÌ g§_mohZ {dÚm Am{U H°$Wmo{bH$ MM©Mr {eH$dUr nañna{damoYr Zmhr Ago A°~o ’$[a`m `m§Mo åhUUo hmoVo. g§‘mohZ{dÚoV gh^mJr hmoÊ`mg ZH$ma XoUmè`m ì`º$s¨Zm g§‘mo{hV H$aUo AeŠ`M AgVo, Ë`m‘wio g§_mohZ {dÚm_Ü`o Hw$Umdahr H$gë`mhr àH$maMr O~aXñVr Ho$br OmV Zmhr, Agm Ë`m§Mm Xmdm hmoVm. Ago åhQ>bo OmVo H$s A°~o ’$[a`m `m§Zr Amnë`m g§_mohZ{dÚoMo gw_mao 5000 bmoH$m§da à`moJ Ho$bo Am{U `m à`moJmVyZ Ë`m§Zr AZoH$ bmoH$m§Zm Ë`m§À`m ‘mZ{gH$ amoJm§VyZ ~ao Ho$bo hmoVo. .
A°~o ’$[a`m `m§Mo 20 gßQ>|~a 181 gmbr {ZYZ Pmbo. ’«|$M ^mfoV àH$m{eV Pmboë`m Ë`m§À`m 'bm H$m° S>çy gw‘ob ë`w{gX' `m nwñVH$mV g§_mohZ {dÚoMr AZoH$ _mJ©Xe©H$ VËdo Ë`m§Zr ‘m§S>br hmoVr. Ë`m§À`m ‘¥Ë`wnydu H$mhr {Xdg AmYr hm J«§W àH$m{eV Pmbm hmoVm. _mÌ Ë`m§À`m ‘¥Ë`wZ§Va EH$m eVH$mZ§Va A°~o ’$[a`m `m§Zm AmYw{ZH$ g§_mohZ{dÚoMo OZH$ åhUyZ _mÝ`Vm {_imbr. Jmoì`mMo gwnwÌ Agboë`m A°~o ’$[a`m `m§À`m OrdZmda qH$dm Ë`m§À`m H$m`m©da AmYm[aV ~hþVoH$ gd© nwñVHo$ ’«|$M dm nmoVw©JrO ^mfm§V AmhoV. A°~o ’$[a`m `m§À`m ’«|$M ^mfoVrb _hmZ J«§WmMm H$moH$Ur H$dr Am{U ’«|$M {dÛmZ _Zmohaam` gaXogmB© `m§Zr AbrH$S>oM B§J«OrV AZwdmX Ho$bm AmhoV.
nUOr `oWrb A°~o ’$[a`m `m§Mm nwVim Jmo‘§VH$s` Ooð> {eënH$ma am_M§Ð nm§Sw>a§J H$m_V `m§Zr KS>dbobm Amho. {XZm§H$ 20 gßQ>|~a 1945 amoOr `m {eënmMo AZmdaU Pmbo. X{jU Jmoì`mVrb ‘S>Jmd ehamVrb EH$ ‘hÎdmMm añVm A°~o ’$[a`m `m§À`m ZmdmZo A°~o ’$[a`m AmoiIbm OmVmo. éAm A°~o S>r ’$[a`m ho Ë`m añË`mMo Zmd. A°~o ’$[a`m§À`m 250 ì`m O`§Vr{Z{‘Îm 2006 gmbr nmoVw©Jmb gaH$maV’}$ A°~o ’$[a`m§À`m nUOrVrb nwVù`mÀ`m N>m`m{MÌmda AmYmarV EH$ Img nmoñQ>H$mS>©Mo AZmdaU H$aÊ`mV Ambo hmoVo.
A°~o ’$[a`m `m§Mo ’«$mÝg Ü`o {ZYZ Pmbo. Am{U Ë`m§Mr H$~a n°[ag ehamVrb § ‘moÝV‘mQ>© n[agamV Hw$R>oVar Amho Ago åhQ>bo OmVo. ‘moÝV‘mQ>© hm n[aga VoWrb Q>oH$S>rda Agboë`m ^ì` goH«o$S> hmQ>© ~°{g{bH$mgmR>r à{gÜX Amho. A{^OmV Am{U AmYw{ZH$ {MÌH$boMo a{gH$ Agboë`m bmoH$m§Mohr ho AmdS>Vo ñWi Amho.
A{bH$S>oM H$mhr dfm©nydu Hw$Qw>§{~`m~amo~a `wamonÀ`m Xm¡è`mda AgVmZm n°[ag‘Ü`o Am‘Mo ‘moÝV‘mQ>© n[agamVM dmñVì` hmoVo. ‘moÝV‘mQ>©À`m JO~Oboë`m añË`m§da {’$aVmZm, VoWrb ‘oQ´>moVyZ àdmg H$aVmZm VoWo A°~o ’$[a`m `m à{gÜX Jmo‘§VH$s`mMo {Mag‘mYrMo {R>H$mU H$moR>o Agob Agm {dMma ‘mÂ`m ‘ZmV `oV Ago. Jmoì`mÀ`m `m ‘hmZ gwnwÌmMr H$~a H$Xm{MV H$Yrhr gmnS>br OmUma Zmhr. ‘mÌ g§‘mohZ{dÚoÀ`m joÌmV Ë`m§Zr Ho$bobo `moJXmZ Am{U Ë`m§Mm dmagm H$Yrhr {dñ‘¥VrV OmUma Zmhr.  

Abe Faria scientific hypnosis Marathi Niropya article



Sunday, November 20, 2016

The interesting history of big fat Indian weddings!

The interesting history of big fat Indian weddings!
CAMIL PARKHE | Sunday, 20 November 2016 AT 01:52 PM IST      
Send by email    Printer-friendly version
While the country is speaking about nothing but the demonetisation of high-value currency and most people are struggling to get enough cash from the banks, one individual was seen reportedly spending close to Rs 500 crore on his daughter’s wedding in Karnataka last week. Many questions were raised about how an individual can do this while the entire country is strapped for cash. This has brought the focus on big fat Indian weddings and the cash spent on weddings in India.

Marriages of the rich and powerful are matter of envy for the common people and they are also a matter much talked about. One of such marriages in Maharashtra took place at Akluj in Solapur district four decades ago but it is an event referred to even today when there is a talk of lavish marriage ceremonies of the rich. Cooperative and sugar baron Shankarrao Mohite Patil had hosted a grand celebration in the early 1970s on the occasion of his eldest son Vijaysinh (later deputy chief minister of Maharashtra). The marriage ceremony which lasted for a few days was attended by thousands of villagers from Solapur district, earning the nickname Sahasrabhojane Mohite Patil (one who fed thousands of people).

Prior to the marriage, Shankarrao Mohite Patil had visited several villages in Solapur district to invite the local people for the marriage and since it was impossible for him to meet each villager’s family in person, he applied the red tila (vermilion) on the boards of the respective village panchayat. The villagers too treated this an invitation that they could not turn down and attended the marriage and the subsequent reception enthusiastically. As the lavish marriage celebration took place in Maharashtra other parts of the country was hit by drought. So then prime minister Indira Gandhi had questioned Shankarrao Mohite Patil about the propriety of holding such a lavish celebration. The cooperative baron who had a large following in his district had then replied, “But madam, how could I not invite these people for my son’s marriage when I myself had attended almost all major functions in the families of my supporters?”

After the negative publicity attracted by the Akluj marriage, the politicians and others in Maharashtra have avoided turning the marriage ceremonies in their family into an extravaganza affair.

The marriage of Supriya Sule, daughter of NCP supremo Sharad Pawar, held in Baramati in early 1991 was an example in this regard. Although the marriage was attended by the then prime minister Chandra Shekhar, former prime minister Rajiv Gandhi and other political veterans, those who attended the wedding still recall how the ceremony was devoid of any pomp and show or obscene exhibition of wealth.

In Indian history, the marriage of Indira and Feroze Gandhi which took place just a few months before the 1942 Quit India movement cited an example of simplicity. The couple had worn khadi clothes and also a garland made of sandalwood and khadi. The ‘first family in Indian politics’ has kept this tradition of simplicity in marriage to this date.

The marriage of Prince Charles and Diana in 1981 was billed as the ‘marriage of the century’. More than a year before the royal wedding, the event had hogged the limelight in newspaper columns and other media and the UK had attracted a large number of tourists during those days. The souvenirs of the royal wedding were sold in large numbers at that time. It is an altogether a different matter that the much talked about the royal romance and the subsequent wedding ceremony later ended in a formal separation of the Prince and Princess of Wales.

The recent marriage ceremony which attracted negative publicity and widespread criticism was the one hosted by NCP leader Bhaskar Jadhav at Chiplun in Konkan region in 2013. The NCP Chief Sharad Pawar had then publicly chastised Jadhav for the obscene show of wealth when the State was reeling under severe drought situation.

The recent marriage of the daughter of former Karnataka minister and BJP leader G Janardhan Reddy at Bengaluru is estimated to have cost Rs 100 crore. The marriage was attended by over 50,000 and a large number VVIPs belonging to all political parties.

It may be said that there is nothing wrong with rich people spending money on various events as long as the spent money is legal. The extravaganza nonetheless does raise a question mark over the need and propriety of hosting the event in such a manner. Even those VVIPs who attend such an event either as an obligation or protocol do endorse such filthy show of wealth and prosperity. The public figures at least should avoid endorsing it. 

Sunday, April 10, 2016

Gender discrimination at places of worship, a legacy!

Gender discrimination at places of worship, a legacy!
Reporters Name | CAMIL PARKHE | Sunday, 10 April 2016 AT 11:08 AM IST
Send by email    Printer-friendly version
The entry of women at Shani Temple’s sanctum sanctorum has been covered by national media and is being viewed as a historic event. 

The 300-year-old tradition of not allowing women at this place has been broken. But it is not just Shani temple or Hindu temples where this tradition of restricting women is practised. This really is a legacy issue. At dozens of places, it has been followed and then at some it has gradually changed.

Pune witnessed a Satyagraha in 1929 to seek opening of the historic Parvati temple to the untouchables. The temple trustees had then maintained that it was a private temple and therefore untouchables will not be allowed to enter. One of the leaders of the Satyagraha was Congress leader Narhar Vishnu Gadgil. Socialist leader SM Joshi was also one of the participants. During the Satyagraha, the temple gates were closed and stone pelting also took place, injuring some Satyagrahis seriously.

A couple of years earlier, there was also a satyagraha to seek opening of the Chaudar Tank at Mahad in Konkan to the untouchables. The struggle for opening the famous Kalaram temple in Nashik to the untouchables had also continued for some years. The Vitthal temple at Pandharpur was thrown open to untouchables only when Gandhian leader and writer Pandurang Sadashiv alias Sane Guruji resorted to a fast unto death in May 1947 seeking to open the temple to members of all castes.

The resistance to open religious shrines to all communities was however not confined to Hinduism alone. In southern states of India, people belonging to various high castes as well as the untouchables embraced Christianity in the 17th and 18th century. Retaining the castes rigidity even after the conversions, these regions had separate churches and also separate burial grounds for the high castes and the Dalit Christians - a practice which was connived by the Church hierarchy until a century earlier.

The present controversy over the opening of the Shani Shingnapur temple to women is only the latest movement on ending gender and other kinds of discrimination at religious shrines. There are some outdated or barbaric traditions in all religions, which need to change in keeping with the prevalent modern times.

Unfortunately, whenever someone or a group demands reforms in religious practices, they are accused of being anti-religion, heretic, iconoclast or even atheists. This is what exactly happened when a German Catholic priest Martin Luther revolted against the Church’s practices in the 16th century and later became the father of Protestant reformation in the church. All religions - be it Hinduism, Christianity or Islam or any other religion - have to keep pace with the contemporary period to fulfil the inspirations of their community members and accommodate the needed changes and reforms in religious practices.

Throughout the ages, the human civilization has been male dominated and even the God is most often conceived as a male identity. Naturally all religions have several traditions and practices which are gender discriminatory. The right to preside over religious services or to conduct rites for various ceremonies like christening, final rites etc are to this date prerogatives of the males alone.

This is despite the fact that there are no theological or scriptural grounds to defend the existing gender discrimination in religious hierarchy or practises. It will take a long time before there is a change in this situation. The society and leaders of all religions need to ensure that the needed religious reforms are introduced to make these religions relevant to all sections of the faithful.

Thursday, March 10, 2016

Over six decades after Independence, just 12 pc women in Parliament!

Over six decades after Independence, just 12 pc women in Parliament!
Reporters Name | CAMIL PARKHE | Monday, 7 March 2016 AT 09:54 PM IST
Send by email    Printer-friendly version
http://www.sakaaltimes.com/NewsDetails.aspx?NewsId=5177936560416191142&SectionId=4861338933482912746&SectionName=Blog&NewsTitle=Over%20six%20decades%20after%20Independence,%20just%2012%20pc%20women%20in%20Parliament

Women power: PM Narendra Modi greets delegates after the valedictory session of the National Conference of Women Legislators

One experiences a rare kind of bonhomie when women Members of Parliament belonging to various political parties come together. This was noticed when these women members came together last week as a part of the national conference of women legislators. And as has been the case with all other such meets in the past, this convention too has once again brought the issue of women’s quota in Parliament to the fore. President Pranab Mukherjee and Vice-President Hamid Ansari have stressed on the need for all political parties to arrive at a consensus to pass the long pending Bill on Women’s Reservation for Parliament and state legislature seats.
Incidentally, Maharashtra was one of the first states in the country in early 1990s to implement the provision of 33% seats for women in local self-government bodies. This revolutionary provision was implemented when Sharad Pawar was the State chief minister. The first elections for civic bodies with the 33% quota for women were held in Kolhapur Municipal Corporation. I remember camping in Kolhapur along with representatives of various dailies to cover this one of the first such elections in the country. There were many apprehensions whether this experiment will ever be successful in achieving its avowed aim of politically empowering women or whether the men in the families will continue to rule by proxy despite the rule on women’s quota.
Three decades have passed since 33% quota for women in local self-government bodies came into the force. A few years ago, the women’s quota was enhanced to 50%, providing representation to a large number of women in decision making at the local civic bodies. India perhaps may be the first country in the world to reserve 50 per cent seats for women in local self-government bodies. However even six decades after Independence, the percentage of women in Parliament has remained less than 12%. Comparatively, Pakistan and Bangladesh have higher representation in their national assemblies.
Unfortunately the issue of providing quota for women in Parliament and state assemblies has been pending in the Lok Sabha for many years although the same Bill has already been passed in the Rajya Sabha. In the previous House, the issue of the women’s quota in its given form was mainly opposed by the Socialist leaders namely Mulayam Singh Yadav, and others while both the UPA government and the then main opposition party BJP both competed with each other in paying lip sympathy for the woman’s quota.
Now with the change of guard at the Centre, the roles in the Lok Sabha have been reversed. This is also for the first time in three decades that the ruling party at the Centre enjoys a simple majority. Surprisingly there has been a deafening silence on the issue of providing for women’s quota in Parliament and state assemblies since the change of power at the Centre. Neither the ruling NDA coalition nor the Opposition parties have ever raised this issue either in the House or outside.
President Pranab Mukherjee and Vice-President Hamid Ansari have now raised the issue of women’s quota. The ongoing debate on JNU, nationalism, sedition and intolerance in the country is likely to  continue for a longer period. The ruling and opposition parties will earn the kudos of women, the country’s nearly half population, if they arrive at a consensus to provide some percentage of reservation to women in Parliament and state legislatures.
The political parties have already wasted many years on this issue. Now they need to muster the political will and work to ensure that the next general elections will be held to have an adequate number of women lawmakers in both Houses of Parliament.

Saturday, March 5, 2016

All minorities must be taken along

All minorities must be taken along
Reporters Name | CAMIL PARKHE | Saturday, 5 March 2016 AT 07:42 PM IST
Send by email    Printer-friendly version
http://www.sakaaltimes.com/NewsDetails.aspx?NewsId=5535046433692228936&SectionId=4861338933482912746&SectionName=Blog&NewsDate=20160305&NewsTitle=All%20minorities%20must%20be%20taken%20along
Narendra Modi-led BJP came to power in May 2014 and the party won the distinction of forming the government on its own for the first time after a long gap of 30 years. It was Rajiv Gandhi of the Congress who had won a two-third majority in Lok Sabha in 1984 and formed the government.

The present BJP government also has a dubious distinction. Since Independence, it is the first ruling party at the Centre which does not have a single Muslim member among its 282 Lok Sabha members! That is why the party was forced to induct the party’s
Muslim Rajya Sabha members, Najma Heptullah and Mukhtar Abbas Naqvi into the Union ministry to make it as all inclusive. This was indeed laudatory on the part of Prime Minister Narendra Modi.

In Maharashtra, the ruling BJP-Shiv Sena alliance has however not shown this political maturity. For the first time since Maharashtra came into existence in 1960, there is no minority representative in the state ministry. In the past when the Shiv Sena-BJP government came to power in 1995, Sabir Shaikh, an MLA from Junnar, was inducted as Cabinet minister. But this time, neither the BJP nor the Shiv Sena found it necessary to induct any minority leader into the State ministry. The State ruling group has once again shown its scant respect for the country’s secular principles when it has excluded any member of the minority community in the State ministry. In keeping with this policy, now the government has also excluded any members of the Muslim community from the list of veteran national leaders, personalities whose birth and death anniversaries are to be commemorated by the government organisations and academic institutions. Incidentally, the Muslims comprise 10-12 per cent of the State population.

The BJP came to power when its Prime Ministerial candidate made good governance and development as his main election plank. To be fair, it must be noted that even after assuming power as the prime minister, Modi has in his various speeches and actions has adhered to these promises. In Maharashtra, however the BJP has initiated many moves creating insecurity in the minds of the minority communities. In fact, after coming to power, both the BJP and Shiv Sena should have made endeavours to win confidence of all sections of society in order to broaden their vote bank and thus consolidate their power to win long-term political benefits.

It has been proved that there are limitations on a party winning even a simple majority in Lok Sabha on the Hindutva plank and therefore an all-inclusive agenda, appealing to cross-sections of the electorate is needed for any political party to come to power at the Centre. As Hindutva organisations, BJP and Shiv Sena may have their own agenda toward the minorities but as the ruling group and the governing agency, they need to follow the Raj Dharma and work in the interests of all sections of the state’s population.

Instead of targeting the minorities, both parties in the ruling group need to woo the minorities into their own respective political camps. That will be a politically mature move and will pay them rich political dividends in the long term.

Monday, February 29, 2016

EHo$ H$mir "H°$ån' `m ^mJm~Ôb gdmªZm ~a§M AmH$f©U hmoV§. {VWbo añVo, {VWbr XþH$mZ, {VWbr amIÊ`m{nÊ`mMr M§Jb dJ¡a|_wio nwUoH$a H°$ånmV IoMbo Om`Mo. hm ^mJ {¼íMZ~hþb. Ë`m_wio Ë`m~Ôbhr EH$ doJi§M AmH$f©U hmoV§. AmVm H°$ånM§ ñdê$n ~Xbb§ Amho Am{U hrM {¼íMZY_u` _§S>irhr {VWyZ ~mhoa nS>br AmhoV. AmO{_Vrbm H°$ån{edm` nwÊ`mÀ`m {d{dY ^mJm§_Ü`o {¼íMZ g_mOdmñVì` H$aV Amho. EH$m AWm©Zo nwÊ`mÀ`m gm_m{OH$ OrdZmV hm g_mO {_giyZ Jobm Amho.
{¼ñVr g§ñH¥$VrMm nwÊ`mer g§~§Y Ambm AR>amì`m eVH$mV. noeì`m§À`m amOdQ>rV {¼ñVr _§S>itM§ Am{U nwÊ`mM§ ZmV§ g¡Ý`mVrb ì`dhmam§À`m {Z{_ÎmmZo Owiy bmJb§ hmoV§. _wimV Jmo_§VH$s` nmoVw©JrO ZmJ[aH$ neoì`m§À`m Am{U {¼ñVr g_mOmÀ`m g§nH$m©Vrb goVy R>abo. Ë`mZ§Va H$mhr {¼ñVr bmoH$ noeì`m§À`m g¡Ý`mV A{YH$manXmda qH$dm Vmo\$m§À`m H$maImÝ`mVbo H$_©Mmar åhUyZ qH$dm ì`mnmar åhUyZ gm_rb hmoV Jobo. nwUo H°$ån hr VoìhmMr bîH$amMr N>mdUr. Ë`m_wio nydu _amR>çm§À`m bîH$amVrb gh^mJmÀ`m {Z{_ÎmmZo ehamV Ambobo {¼íMZ A{YH$mar d g¡{ZH$ `m n[agamV ñWm{`H$ Pmbo. `m{edm` IS>H$s, dmZdS>r `m ~mOybmhr {¼ñVr g¡{ZH$ d A{YH$mar dgy bmJbo.
_amR>r \$m¡OoVrb `wamonr` d§emÀ`m qH$dm Jmo_§VH$s` {¼ñVr bîH$ar A{YH$mar d g¡{ZH$m§gmR>r nwUo H°$ånmV 1792 gmbr EH$ MM© ~m§YÊ`mV Amb§. AZoH$m§Zm _mhrV Zgob, na§Vw gdmB© _mYdamd noeì`m§Zr XoUJr åhUyZ {Xboë`m OmJoda ho {gQ>r MM© (B_°Š`wboQ> H$Ý\o$eZ MM©) C^§ am{hb§. ŠdmQ>©a JoQ> n[agamVb§ ho MM© nwÊ`mVrb {¼ñVrY_u`m§À`m ApñVËdmMr OmUrd H$ê$Z XoUmar gdm©V OwZr IyU. `m MM©M§ _yi ~m§YH$m_ _mVr Am{U MwÝ`mÀ`m gmhmæ`mZo Ho$bob§ hmoV§. 1852 gmbr OwZ§ ~m§YH$m_ nmSy>Z MM©M§ gÜ`mM§ ê$n KS>dÊ`mV Amb§. nwUo Am{U {¼ñVrY_u`m§M§ ZmVog§~§Y KS>Ê`mMr AmIUr EH$ IyU åhUOo H°$ånmVM, gmobmnya amoS>da Agbob§ g|Q> _oarO MM©. ho MM© 1823 gmbr ~m§YÊ`mV Amb§. Z§VaÀ`m H$mimV _amR>m \$m¡OoVrb {¼ñVr A{YH$mar d g¡{ZH$m§gmR>r bîH$ar Vim§À`m n[agamV AZoH$ MM© ~m§Ybr Jobr.
Aìdb {~«{Q>e Am_XZrV nwÊ`mVrb {¼íMZ g_mO _w»`Ëdo \$m¡OoVrb `wamonr` `m Jmo_§VH$s` A{YH$mar d g¡{ZH$ Am{U Ë`m§Mr Hw$Qw>§~§ Agm _`m©{XV hmoVm. Ë`m_wioM nwÊ`mVrb gdmªV OwZr H°$Wm°{bH$ Am{U àm°Q>oñQ>§Q> MM© Ho$di nwUo H$ån, IS>H$s Am{U dmZdS>r `m bîH$ar Vim§V {XgVmV. nwUo ñdmV§Í`nyd© H$mimV bîH$amVrb qH$dm aoëdo ImË`mVrb ZmoH$arÀ`m {Z{_ÎmmZo AZoH$ Xm{jUmË`  {¼ñVr Hw$Qw>§~§ nwUo H±$nmV Am{U IS>H$sV ñWm{`H$ Pmbr. Ë`mVyZ hm ^mJ {¼íMZ~hþb ~ZV Jobm. Joë`m VrZ-Mma XeH$m§V nwUo Am{U qnnar-qMMdS> eham§V Or AZoH$ {¼ñVr MM© C^r am{hbobr {XgVmV Vr {¼íMZm§À`m g§»`oV `m n[agamV _moR>r dmT> Pmë`mM§ Xe©dVmV.
^maVmÀ`m AZoH$ ^mJm§V {¼ñVr g_mO AmT>iVmo Am{U Ë`m§À`m MmbrarVr Ë`m Ë`m ^mJm§Vrb ñWm{ZH$ g§ñH¥$VrZwgma AgVmV. nwÊ`mV XoemVrb gd©M ^mJm§Vrb {¼ñVr ñWbm§V[aV Pmbo Agë`mZo Y_m©Zo EH$M Agboë`m `m g_mOmÀ`m {d{dY KQ>H$m§V IynM gm§ñH¥${VH$ {d{dYVm AmT>iVo. nwÊ`mVrb {¼ñVr g_mO hm ~hþ^m{fH$, {d{dY n§Wr`, {^Þ {^Þ g§ñH¥$VtMm Am{U Amnë`m _yi àm§Vm§À`m g§ñH¥$VrZwgma doe^yfm H$aUmam Amho, Ë`mMà_mUo Vmo AR>amnJS> OmVtMmhr Amho.
nwUo Am{U qnnar-qMMdS>_Yrb {¼ñVr g_mOmÀ`m H°$Wm°{bH$ Am{U àm°ñQ>oñQ>§ `m XmoÝhr n§Wm§Mo bmoH$ AmhoV. H°$Wm°{bH$m§Mr g§»`m VwbZoZo A{YH$ Amho. H°$Wm°{bH$ MM©V\}$ Mmbdë`m OmUmè`m emim, à{ejU H|$Ð, XdmImZo Am{U BVa g§ñWm§Mr g§»`mhr A{YH$ Amho. `m XmoÝhr n§Wm§Vrb bmoH$ _amR>r ^mfH$, H$moH$Ur ^mfH$ JmodZ, H$moH$Ur ^mfH$ _§Jbmo[a`Z, V{_i, _ë`mir Am{U VobwJy dJ¡ao ^m{fH$ JQ>m§V {d^mJbobo AmhoV.
{deof åhUOo IwÔ _amR>r ^mfH$ {¼ñVr g_mOgwÕm _hmamîQ´>mVrb Mma àXoem§VyZ BWo ñWbm§V[aV Pmë`m_wio Ë`m§À`m g§ñH¥$Vr qH$dm ~mobr^mfm EH$_oH$m§nmgyZ {^Þ AmhoV. R>mUo {OëømVrb dgB© VmbwŠ`mVyZ ñWbm§V[aV Pmbobm, _yiMm Jmo_§VH$s` Agbobm ~mX}H$a g_mO; npíM_ _hmamîQ´>mVrb Ah~XZJa-H$moëhmnya Am{U Zm{eH$ {Oëøm§VyZ Ambobm Am{U _amR>dmS>çmVyZ ñWbm§V[aV Pmbobm {¼ñVr g_mO Aem Mma JQ>m§V _amR>r ^m{fH$ {¼ñVr g_mO {d^mJbobm Amho. Jmodm _§Jiya, ~mX}g Am{U dgB© BWyZ ñWbm§V[aV Pmboë`m {¼ñVr g_mOmV {S>gyPm, JmoÝgmpëdg, \$Zmª{S>g Aer nmpíM_mË` YVuMr AmS>Zmd§ AmT>iVmV, `mM§ H$maU åhUOo `m g_mOKQ>H$m§Zm bm^bobm nmoVw©JrO amÁ`H$Ë`mªMm dmagm.
nwÊ`mVrb H$mhr Zm_m§{H$V ì`º$s¨_Yrb nwÊ`mMo {Zd¥Îm {~en d°boarZ {S>gyPm ho _yiMo Jmo_§VH$s` AmhoV, {dÚ_mZ {~en Wm°_g S>m~ao ho dgB©Mo AmhoV, Zm{eH$Mo {Zd¥Îm {~en Wm°_g ^mboamd ho Ah_XZJa {OëømVrb AmhoV, Va nwUoH$a Agbobo Am{U gÜ`mMo Zm{eH$Mo {~en Agbobo bwB©g S>°{Z`Z ho _yiMo V{_i AmhoV. nwÊ`mVrb {¼ñVr g_mOmVrb AmS>Zmdm§dê$ZgwÕm OmUH$ma _§S>itZm Ë`m§Mr àmXo{eH$, ^m{fH$ Am{U OmVr` nmíd©^y_r g_OVo.
^maVmV {¼ñVr g_mO qhXÿ Y_m©Vrb {d{dY OmVr-O_mVtVyZ Ambobm Amho. Jmoì`mV Am{U dgB©V Y_mªVa hmoD$Z Vr-Mma eVH$m§Mm H$mi CbQ>bm, Var VoWrb {¼ñVr g_mOmV Ë`m§À`m _yi qhXÿ Cƒ-ZrM g_Oë`m OmUmè`m OmVr AmOhr R>m_ nm` amodyZ AmhoV. {deofV… b½Zg§~§YmV `m OmVtMr CVa§S> Am{U àXoe {d{eîQ> nmíd©^y_r H$m_ H$aVmZm {XgVo. nwÊ`mVrb JmodZ VéUmM§ b½Z nwÊ`mVrb JmodZ VéUrer qH$dm Jmoì`mV ñWm{`H$ Agboë`m VéUrer hmoV§, Vg§M nwUopñWV _yiMo A_XZJa, Am¡a§Jm~mX qH$dm H$moëhmnya {Oëøm§Vrb Am{U Ë`mMà_mUo _yi dgB©H$a, ~mX}ñH$a qH$dm V{_i {¼ñVr VéUm§Mo {ddmh OwiV AgVmV. ào_{ddmhmMm AWm©V `m àWobm AndmX AgVmo.
_w§~B©à_mUoM nwUo ehamV H°$Wm°{bH$ Am{U àm°Q>oñQ>§Q> {_eZè`m§Zr AZoH$ emim Am{U g§ñWm C^maboë`m Agë`m Var `m XmoÝhr eham§V _moR>çm à_mUmV Y_mªVa Pmbobr ZmhrV. Aem àH$maMr _moR>çm à_mUmV Y_mªVa§ Pmbr Vr R>mUo {OëømV dgB© `oWo Am{U Cd©[aV _hmamîQ´>mV A_XZJa, Am¡a§Jm~mX, OmbZm, bmVya, A_amdVr dJ¡ao {R>H$mUr. aoìha§S> Zmam`U dm_Z {Q>iH$, Ë`m§À`m nËZr bú_r~mB© {Q>iH$, aoìha§S> {ZiH§$R>emór Zhoå`m Jmoèho Am{U n§{S>Vm a_m~mB© dJ¡ao CƒdUu` ì`º$s¨Mm AndmX dJiVm hr gd© Y_mªVa§ qhXÿ§_Yë`m Añní` JUë`m OmUmè`m X{bV g_mOnwaVr _`m©{XV hmoVr.
_amR>r {¼ñVr g_mOnwaV§ ~mobm`M§ Pmë`mghm g_mO BVa _amR>r g_mOmnoúkm H$mhr dJoim Amho Aer OmUrdhr hmoUma Zmhr. H$maU `m _mVrVM BVam§gmaIr _amR>r {¼ñVr ì`º$s dmT>br Amho. Ë`m§Mo g§ñH$ma, MmbrarVr, ^mfm Am{U g§ñH¥$Vr `m ^y_rVrbM Amho. {¼ñV Y_© ñdrH$mabm åhUyZ `oWrb ^mfm, g§ñH¥$Vr Am{U MmbrarVtMm Ë`mJ H$aÊ`mMr `m g_mOmbm JaO ^mgbobr Zmhr. Á`m `wamonr` {_eZatZr Ë`m§Zm {¼ñVr Y_m©Mr Xrjm {Xbr Ë`m§ZmXoIrb `oWrb g§ñH¥$Vr {¼ñVr Y_m©À`m VÎdm§er {dg§JV Amho Ag§ dmQ>b§ Zmhr. Ë`m_wio qhXÿ Y_m©Vrb Mm§Jë`m na§nam Am{U arVr H$m`_ R>odyZ ZdY_mªV[aV {¼ñVr bmoH$m§Zr Amnbr OrdZe¡br H$m`_ R>odbr. Jmoì`mV Am{U dgB©V _mÌ nmoVw©JrOm§Zr ñWm{ZH$ _amR>r-H$moH$Ur ^mfm§Mr JiMonr Ho$br. _hmamîQ´>mÀ`m BVa ^mJm§V Agm àH$ma gwX¡dmZo Pmbm Zmhr. Ë`m_wio {¼ñVr Pmë`mZ§Vahr Zmam`U dm_Z {Q>iH$, gË`dmZ Zm_Xod gy`©d§er, n§{S>Vm a_m~mB© qH$dm bú_r~mB© {Q>iH$ hr Zmd§ {¼ñVr Y_©VÎdm§er {dg§JV AmhoV Ag§ Hw$Umbmhr dmQ>b§ Zmhr. npíM_ _hmamîQ´> Am{U _amR>dmS>çmVyZ nwÊ`mV Amboë`m {¼ñVr g_mOmVhr Jm`dmH$S>, gmoZdUo, H$m§~io, ^mboamd, Vm§~o Aer Img _amR>_moir AmS>Zmd§ AmhooV.
AgmM H$mhrgm àH$ma _amR>r {¼«ñVr g_mOmÀ`m doe^yfo~m~V Am{U H$mhr ñWm{ZH$ (qhXÿ) gUm§~m~V KS>bm Amho. Amnë`m Y_m©À`m VÎdm§er Hw$R>brhr VS>OmoS> Z H$aVm nwÊ`mVrb _amR>r {¼ñVr g_mOmZo `m na§nam Mmby R>odë`m AmhoV. nwUo Am{U qnnar-qMMdS> ehamVrb Hw$R>ë`mhr H°$Wm°{bH$ MM©_Ü`o _amR>r CnmgZm{dYrV gh^mJr hmoUmè`m OoîR> _{hbm ZD$dmar qH$dm Jmob gmS>r, H§w$Hy$ Am{U _§JigyÌ Am{U S>moŠ`mda nyU© nXa KoUmè`m AmhoV, Ag§ {XgyZ `oB©b. qhXÿ g_mOmV Hw§$Hy$, _§JigyÌ hr gm¡^m½`boUr g_Obr OmVmV. H°$Wm°{bH$ Y_©nrR>mbmhr `m g_OwVr {¼ñVr Y_©{damoYr AmhoV Ag§ dmQ>V Zmhr. Ë`m_wioM _amR>r {¼«ñVr {ddmh MM©_Ü`o hmoVmZm b½ZmÀ`m AmUm^mH$m KoVë`mZ§Va Y_©Jwê$ _§JigyÌ, A§JR>r, OmoS>dr Amerdm©{XV H$aVmo Am{U Ë`mZ§Va ZdaXod dYyÀ`m Jù`mV ho _§JigyÌ {d{Ynyd©H$ KmbVmo. H$mhr àm°Q>oñQ>§Q> n§Wr`m§Zr _mÌ H§w$Hy$ Am{U _§JigyÌ hr gm¡^m½`boUr {¼ñVr Y_©VÎdm§{déÕ AmhoV, Aer ^y{_H$m KoVbr Amho. Ë`m_wio àm°Q>oñQ>§Q> n§WmVrb ~hþVoH$ _{hbm Hw§$Hy$ bmdV ZmhrV.
qnnar-qMMdS> n[agamV H$miodmS>r, qnnar, H$mgmadmS>r `m n[agamV _amR>r {¼ñVr ^mfH$m§Mr g§»`m bjUr` Amho. `mn¡H$s gÜ`m Á`oîR> ZmJ[aH$ AgUmè`m `m Hw$Qw>§~à_wIm§Mr nmíd©^y_r Am¡Úmo{JH$ H$m_JmamMr Amho. `m_mJohr EH$ B{Vhmg Amho. nwÊ`mV ñdmaJoQ>Odi e§H$aeoQ> amoS>da g|Q> Omogo\$ Q>opŠZH$b BpÝñQ>Q>çyQ> hr EHo$H$mir ZmdmObobr g§ñWm Amho. `oeyg§Kr` (OoPwBQ>) `m H°$Wm°{bH$ n§Wr` Y_©Jwê§$Zr Mmb{dboë`m `m g§ñWoZo nwÊ`mVrb AZoH$ Am¡Úmo{JH$ H§$nÝ`m§Zm Hw$eb H$m_Jma nwa{dbo AmhoV. 1960 Am{U 1970 À`m XeH$m§V `oeyg§Kr` Y_©Jwêw§$À`m g§nH$m©Zo Ah_XZJa Am{U Ah_XZJa {OëømVrb embmÝV narjm CÎmrU© Pmbobr AZoH$ _wb§ `m à{ejU g§ñWoV XmIb Pmbr Am{U Ë`m§M§ à{ejU nyU© hmoVmM Q>mQ>m _moQ>g©, ~OmO Am°Q>mo, J«rìh²O dJ¡ao à_wI H§$nÝ`m§V Ë`m§Zm ZmoH$è`m {_imë`m. Aem àH$mao Ah_XZJ Am{U Am¡a§Jm~mX {OëømVrb EH$ {nT>r Ë`m H$mimV nwÊ`mV pñWamdbr. qnnar-qMMdS> `m Am¡Úmo{JH$ ZJarV _amR>r ^mfH$ {¼ñVr ZmJ[aH$m§Mr _moR>r g§»`m Agë`mM§ ho EH$ à_wI H$maU. AmO `m Hw$Q>§w~m§À`m Xþgè`m-{Vgè`m {nT>çm H$m`©aV Pmë`m AmhoV.
{deof _hÎdmMr ~m~ åhUOo nwUo Am{U qnnar-qMMdS> eham§V Jobr VrZ-Mma XeH§$ pñWamdyZhr _amR>r {¼ñVr ^m{fH$ g_mOmZo Amnë`m _yi ^y_rer ZmV§ H$m`_ amIb§ Amho. Ah_XZJa-Am¡a§Jm~mX {Oëøm§Vrb Amnë`m _yi Jmdr OwÝ`m {nT>rVrb ì`º$s dfm©VyZ EH$Xm Var ^oQ> XoVmVM. Zì`m {nT>rVrb _§S>ir b½Z dm BVa H$m`©H«$_mgmR>r Jmdr OmV AgVmV. nwÊ`mVrb dgB©H$a _§S>ir `m ~mX}ñH$a _§S>irgwÕm Amnë`m _yi ^y_rer H$m`_ g§nH©$ amIyZ AgVmV. {deofV… b½ZmgmR>r gmo`arH$ OwidVmZm _yi JmdmVrb ZmVodmB©H$ _§S>itM§ gmhmæ`m KoVb§ OmV§.
_amR>r ^mfH$ [IñVr g_mO H°$Wm°{bH$ Am{U àm°Q>oñQ>§Q> `m n§Wm§V {d^mJbm AgyZ Ë`m§À`mV Ogo {ddmhg§~§Y hmoV ZmhrV. Vg§M Hw$R>ë`mhr Ym{_©H$ dm BVa H$maUm_wio `m XmoÝhr n§Wm§À`m bmoH$m§Zm nañnag§~§YXoIrb hmoV ZmhrV. _amR>r gm{hË` Midi _mÌ `mg AndmX åhUmdr bmJob. "_amR>r {¼ñVr gm{hË` g§_obZm'À`m {Z{_ÎmmZo `m XmoÝhr n§Wm§Vrb bmoH$ EH$Ì `oVmV. gZ 1927 nmgyZ {¼ñVr gm{hË` g§_obZ§ ^aV AgyZ Vr na§nam AmOhr gwê$ Amho. nwÊ`mVrb _amR>r {¼ñVr gm{hË` g§KmMr Xa _{hÝ`mÀ`m eodQ>À`m Jwédmar dm`E_grEÀ`m hm°b_Ü`o {Z`{_VnUo ~¡R>H$ hmoV AgVo.
nwÊ`mVrb H°$Wm°{bH$ Am{U àm°Q>oñQ>§Q> MM©_Ü`o _amR>r CnmgZm{dYr hmoVmo Voìhm {VWo aoìha§S> Zm. dm. {Q>iH$, H¥$îUmMr gm§Jio dJ¡ao Zm_d§VH$dtZr Ho$boë`m aMZm Jm`ë`m OmVmV. _amR>r {¼ñVr g_mOmÀ`m `m Jm`ZàWobm e§^a-gìdmeo dfmªMr na§nam Amho. Á`m MM©_Ü`o `yW J«wn `m Jm`H$d¥§X Agob {VWo hm_m}{Z`_, V~bm dJ¡ao dmÚm§À`m gmWrZo JrV§ Jm`br OmVmV. ZmVmiÀ`m AmYr AmR>dS>m^a H°$amob qgJg© ZmVmiMr JmUr JmV {¼ñVr Hw$Qw>§~m§À`m Kar ^oQ>r XoVmV, Voìhmhr Zm_m§{H$V H$dtZr {d{eîQ> amJm§V aMbobr Jm`Z§ Jm{`br OmVmV. nwUo Am{U qnnar-qMMdS> `oWrb H°$Wm°{bH$ MM©_Ü`o _amR>r ^mfH$m§gmR>r Img doJir {_ñgm qH$dm CnmgZm Ho$br OmVo. Y_©Jwê$ Amerdm©X XoVmV Voìhm gd© _{hbm S>moŠ`mda nyU© nXa KoVmV, Ë`mMà_mUo Vm{_i qH$dm _ëë`mir ^mfH$m§gmR>rhr Ë`m§À`m ^mfm§V àmW©Zm Ho$ë`m OmVmV. `m{edm` B§J«Or ^mfoV hmoUmè`m àmW©ZogmR>r gd©M ^mfH$ ZmVmibm EH$Ì O_VmV.
{ddmh g_ma§^mÀ`m ~m~VrVhr _amR>r {¼ñVr g_mOmZo gwnmar \$moS>Uo, gmIanwS>m, hiX bmdUo dJ¡ao na§nam H$m`_ R>odë`m AmhoV. `mVhr ^maVr` Am{U nmpíM_mË` na§naoMr gm§JS> KmVbr OmVo. `wamo{n`Z nÕVrZwgma MM©_Ü`o b½ZmV ZddYyZo g\o$X JmD$Z KmbÊ`mMr na§nam Amho. Amnë`mH$S>o _mÌ JmD$ZEodOr g\o$X gmS>r Zogbr OmVo. _mÌ, S>moŠ`mda nm§T>am OmirXma ìhob (nS>Xm) Am{U hmVmV nm§T>ao hmV_moOo AgVmV. b½Z{dYrZ§Va [agoßeZbm _mÌ ^maVr` na§naoZwgma emby hdmM. {~Ja_amR>r ^mfH$ {¼ñVr g_mOmZohr AemM àH$mao XmoÝhr g§ñH¥$VtMr gm§JS> KmVbobr {XgVo.
ñdmV§Í`nyd© H$miV Am{U ñdmV§Í`àmárZ§VaÀ`m H$mhr XeH$m§V Jmoì`mVrb AZoH$ H°$Wm°{bH$ Hw$Qw>§~ nwUo H±$nmV ñWm{`H$ Pmbr. Ë`m_wio {VWo Am{U ZOrH$À`m n[agamV {gQ>r MMM©, g|Q> n°{Q´>Šg H°$WoS´>b Am{U g|Q> Po{d`g© hr Xodi§ C^maÊ`mV Ambr. XmoZ-AS>rM XeH$m§nydu Jmoì`mVrb ~mX}g VmbwŠ`mVyZ AZoH$ {¼ñVr Hw$Qw>§~§ ZmoH$ar Am{U ì`dgm`mÀ`m {Z{_ÎmmZo _hmamîQ´>mVrb KmQ>mdarb àXoemV ñWbm§V[aV Pmbr. Ë`m doir Jmodm nmoVw©JrO A_bmImbr hmoVm. Bpݹ${PeZÀ`m H$mimV ZdY_mªV[aV ~«m÷U Am{U BVa OmVtVrb {¼ñVr g_mOmda nmídmË` g§ñH¥$Vr ñdrH$maÊ`mgmR>r AË`mMma Pmë`m_wio, ßboJÀ`m gmWr_wio Am{U BVa H$mhr H$maUm§_wio ho ñWbm§Va Pmb§, Ag§ åhUVmV. _mÌ `m XmoZ-AS>rM XeH$m§V `m ~mX}ñH$a g_mOmZo Amnbr Jmo_§VH$s` g§ñH¥$Vr Am{U H$moH$Ur ^mfm OVZ Ho$br. Y_©Jwê$ ZgVmZmhr {¼ñVr Y_m©M§ AmMaU Mmby R>odb§. hm EH$ _moR>m gm_m{OH$ M_ËH$maM åhQ>bm nm{hOo. Joë`m XmoZ-AS>rM XeH$m§V KmQ>mdarb hm ~mX}ñH$a g_mO nwÊ`mV Am{U qMMdS> BWo ñWm{`H$ Pmbm Amho.
nwÊ`mVrb V{_i Am{U _ë`mir {¼ñVr Hw$Qw>§~§ nydu H±$nmV N>moQ>çmem ^mS>moÌr KamV qH$dm ñdV…À`m _mbH$sÀ`m KamV amhV AgV. Joë`m VrZ XeH$m§À`m H$mimV O{_ZtÀ`m {H$_Vr ñd_mbH$sMr OmJm {dHy$Z Ë`m ~Xë`mV {_imboë`m aH$_oV nwUo eham~mhoa Agboë`m dmZdS>r dJ¡ao n[agam§V OmJm KoD$Z ¿ka§ ~m§Ybr qH$dm Zdo âb°Q²>g IaoXr Ho$bo. nwÊ`mVrb gXm{ed, Zmam`U dJ¡ao noR>m§Vrb dmS>m g§ñH¥$VrV amhUmè`m bmoH$m§Zr OmJm {dHy$Z eham~mhoa åhUOo H$moWê$S> n[agamV OmJmV qH$dm âb°Q²>g {dH$V KoD$Z ñWbm§Va Ho$b§, AJXr VgmM hm àH$ma hmoVm.
Xaå`mZ, `mM H$mimV Y_©Jwê$ hmoD$ BpÀN>Umè`m C_oXdmam§Zm à{ejU XoUmè`m "S>r Zmo{~br H$m°boO' Am{U "nona go{_Zar' `mgma»`m Am§VaamîQ´>r` ñVamdarb g§ñWm ZJa amoS>da gwê$ Pmë`m. `m g§ñWm§À`m AZwf§JmZo Ah_XZJa Am{U Am¡a§Jm~mX {Oëøm§Vrb AZoH$ Hw$Qw>§~§ ZmoH$ar dm {ejUmÀ`m {Z{_ÎmmZo am_dmS>r, `oadS>m Am{U dS>Jmd eoar `m n[agamV ñWm{`H$ Pmbr. {IñVr g_mOmM§ àm~ë` Agboë`m AZoH$ ghH$mar J¥h{Z_m©U g§ñWm `m n[agamV Cä`m am{hë`m AmhoV. AmO `m n[agamV hmoUmè`m _hmZJanm{bHo$À`m {ZdUwH$sV _VnoQ>rMm H$m¡b {\$ady eHo$b BVH$s `m g_mOmÀ`m _VXmamMr g§»`m Amho; `m n[agamVrb {¼ñVr g_mOmV _amR>r ^mfH$m§Mr g§»`m A{YH$ Amho, Va dmZdS>r, \$m{V_mZJa Am{U nwUo H±$n n[agamV JmodZ {¼ñVr Hw$Qw>§~m§Mr g§»`m A{YH$ Amho. IS>H$s H±$Q>moÝ_|Q> joÌmV Am{U eoOmaÀ`m ^mJmV V{_i {¼ñVr Hw$Qw>§~m§Mr g§»`m bjUr` Amho. Ho$ai_YyZ AbrH$S>rb H$mhr dfmªV ñWbm§V[aV Pmbobr Hw$Qw>§~§ _mÌ nwUo Am{U qnnar-qMMdS> ^mJmV {dIwabobr AmhoV.
ehamVrb JmodZ g_mOmZo Hw$Qw>§~mV, ZmVbJm§V Am{U {_Ìm§er H$moH$Ur ^mfoV ~mobyZ Amnbr hr ^mfm OVZ Ho$br Amho. Jmoì`mV {¼ñVr Y_©àgmamV _hÎdmMr ^y{_H$m H$aUmao g|Q> \$mpÝgg Po{d`a ho `m Jmo_§VH$s` g_mOmM§ à_wI lÕmñWmZ. `m "Jmo`§À`m gm`~m'M`m 3 {S>g|~aÀ`m gUmbm hm g_mO MM©_Ü`o _moR>çm g§»`oZo CnpñWV AgVmo. nwUo H°$ånmV "nyZm JmodZ BpÝñQ>Q>çyQ>' BWo hmoUmè`m AZoH$ g^m-g_ma§^m§V ehamVrb Jmo_§VH$s` {¼ñVr g_mO AmdOy©Z CnpñWV amhVmo. {¼ñVr Jmo_§VH$s` g§ñH¥$VrVrb AZoH$ CËgd BWo CËgmhnyd©H$ gmOao Ho$bo OmVmV. nwUo H°$ånmVrb E_. Or. amoS>nmer H$mhr XþH$mZ§ JmodZ qH$dm {¼ñVr g_mOmÀ`m g§ñH¥$Vrer {ZJ{S>V Agboë`m {d{dY MmbrarV, ñZmZg§ñH$ma qH$dm nwÊ`ñ_aU `mgma»`m {dYtgmR>r bmJUma§ {d{dY gm{hË`, CnH$aU§ nwadV AgVmV. ZmVminydu Va H°$ånmVrb AZoH$ XþH$mZ§ `m gUmgmR>r AJXr gObobr AgVmV. ZmVmiMm Img \$sb AZw^dÊ`mgmR>r, Ë`m \o$pñQ>ìh _yS>_Ü`o OmÊ`mgmR>r AZoH$ {~Ja{¼ñVr Hw$Qw>§~§ Amnë`m bhmZ _wbm§gh H°$ånMm \o$a\$Q>H$m _maVmV, Vmo Ho$di `mgmR>rM.
OJ^amV gd© ngaboë`m JmodZ {¼ñVr Hw$Qw>§~m§V g|Q> \$mpÝgg Po{d`a ho EH$ _hÎdmM§ lÕmñWmZ AgV§. Jmoì`mVrb "~m°_ Oogy ~°{g{bH$m'V `m n§Yamì`m eVH$mVrb g§Vm§À`m earamMo Adeof AmOhr OVZ H$aÊ`mV Ambo AmhoV. nwÊ`mVrb JmodZ {¼íMZm§À`m `m lÕmñWmZmH$S>o {deof AmoT>m AgVmo. Va Ah_XZJa Am{U Am¡a§Jm~mX {Oëøm§VyZ nwÊ`mV Ambobo {¼ñVr g_mOmVrb hOmamo bmoH$ Xadfu gßQ>|~a _{hÝ`mÀ`m Xþgè`m e{Zdmar-a{ddmar haoJmdÀ`m _V_mCbrÀ`m gUmbm AmdOy©Z OmV AgVmV. Ah_XZJa {OëømVrb lram_nyaOdirb `m IoS>çmV `oeyMr AmB© _m[a`m {hÀ`m OÝ_{VWr{Z{_Îm hr `mÌm Jobr ghm XeH§$ ^aV Amho. bmImo bmoH$ AmH${f©V H$aUmè`m `m `mÌo_wioM haoJmdbm _amR>r {¼ñVr g_mOmMr n§T>ar Ag§ g§~moYb§ OmV§.
V{_i {¼ñVr g_mOmV g|Q> A±WZr `m g§Vmbm {deof _mZ {Xbm OmVmo. hm g_mO `m g§VmÀ`m gUmbm ehamVrb {d{dY MM©_Ü`o AmdOy©Z hOaV AgVmo. haoJmdbm _V_mCbrMm gU gmOam hmoVmo, Ë`mM Xaå`mZ nwÊ`mVrb IS>H$s `oWrb g|Q> B½Zo{e`g MM©_Ü`ohr _mVm _m[a`oMr `mÌm ZD$ {Xdg ^adbr OmVo. nwUo qnnar-qMMdS> n[agamVrb {¼ñVr Am{U BVahr ^m{dH$ `m ZD$ {XdgmÀ`m àmW©Zobm - "ZmoìhoZm'bm CnpñWV AgVmV. `m doir MM©_Yrb _m[a`oÀ`m nwVù`mbm gmS>r MT>dbr OmVo. qhXÿ Xodim§V Á`mà_mUo Xodrbm gmS>br Zogdbr OmVo, VrM na§nam BWohr Mmby R>odÊ`mV Ambr Amho. {deof åhUOo BWo gmS>r~amo~a ZmaigwÕm An©U Ho$bm OmVmo.
{¼ñVr Y_m©Mm àgma H$aVmZm ñWm{ZH$ g§ñH¥$VrVrb Mm§Jë`m na§nam§Mm ñdrH$ma H$aÊ`mMr ^y{_H$m AZoH$ {¼ñVr {_eZè`m§Zr g§nyU© OJ^a KoVë`mM§ {XgyZ `oV§. _XþamB© ^mJm§V CƒdUu` ~«m÷Um§_Ü`o H$m`© H$aUmè`m g|Q> am°~Q>© S>r Zmo{~br `mZo Y_mªVa Ho$ë`mZ§Vahr Y_mªVarVm§Zm S>moŠ`mM§ _w§S>Z H$ê$Z e|S>r amImd`mg Am{U H$nmimda ^ñ_ amIÊ`mg _w^m {_idbr. `mgmR>r Ë`mZo AJXr amo_n`ªV bT>m {Xbm hmoVm. Jmoì`mV gVamì`m eVH$mÀ`m gwédmVrbm "{¼ñVnwamU' ho _amR>r _hmH$mì` {b{hUmè`m Wm°_g ñQ>r\$Ýg `m {~«{Q>e Y_©Jwê$Zo qhXÿ Y_m©Vrb AZoH$ g§H$ënZm§Mm `m _hmH$mì`mV dmna Ho$bm Amho. ñWm{ZH$ g§ñH¥$VrVrb H$mhr Mm§Jë`m na§nam§Mm, ar{V[admOm§Mm {¼ñVr Y_m©Vhr dmna H$aÊ`mÀ`m àWobm "gm§ñH¥${VH$sH$aU' qH$dm "BZH$ëMaoeZ' Ag§ åhQ>b§ OmV§. H°$Wm°{bH$ MM©Zo Joë`m H$mhr XeH$m§V `m g§H$ënZoMm {h[aarZo nwañH$ma Ho$bm Amho. `m_wioM nwÊ`mV qH$dm _hmamîQ´>mVhr AZoH$ {¼ñVr Y_©Jwê$ AmInë`m nm§T>è`m P½`mda Im§Úmda emb Jw§S>miyZ CnmgZm H$aVmZm {XgVmV. AZoH$ _amR>r {¼ñVr Hw$Qw>§~m§V ajm~§YZ, ^mD$~rO dJ¡ao na§nam AmOhr nmië`m OmVmV. V{_i Am{U _ë`mir {¼ñVr g_mOmVhr nm|Jb Am{U AmoU_ dJ¡ao gU CËgmhnyd©H$ gmOao Ho$bo OmVmV.
nwÊ`mVrb {¼ñVr g_mOmVrb {d{dY KQ>H$m§Zr Amnbr Img d¡{eîQ>çnyU© g§ñH¥$Vr, MmbrarVr {¼ñVr Y_©VÎdm§er VS>OmoS> Z H$aVm Aem àH$mao OVZ Ho$br Amho. ^mfm, Amhma Aem JmoîQ>t_Ü`ohr `m _§S>itZr Amnbr d¡{eîQ>ç§ Onbr AmhoV. hr OnUyH$ H$aVmZm Vo nwÊ`mÀ`m ñWm{ZH$ g§ñH¥$VrnmgyZ doJio nS>bo ZmhrV, Va `m _§S>itÀ`m g§ñH¥${Vd¡{dÜ`m_wio nwÊ`mÀ`m g§ñH¥$Vrbmhr ZdrZ Am`m_ {_imbo.
H$m{_b nmaIo

Thursday, January 7, 2016

When in Goa, dig into Goan Pav Bhaji!

When in Goa, dig into Goan Pav Bhaji!
Reporters Name | CAMIL PARKHE | Tuesday, 5 January 2016 AT 08:11 PM IST
Send by email    Printer-friendly version
http://www.sakaaltimes.com/NewsDetails.aspx?NewsId=4833843097527707162&SectionId=5131376722999570563&SectionName=Features&NewsTitle=When%20in%20Goa,%20dig%20into%20Goan%20Pav%20Bhaji


When I am in Goa, there are some things I would not miss: a walk along the Panjim-Miramar riverfront, and on my way back digging into authentic Goan Pav Bhaji!

Early morning, I slip into my walking shoes and head from the Palace (Old Secretariat building) to Miramar beach, a four-km long stretch along the banks of the Mandavi river.

On one side, there are old one-storeyed buildings and bungalows (especially in Campala area) and on the other bank is the Mandavi river surging to merge into the Arabian Sea.

From Kala Academy complex, there is a long stretch of open land till Miramar beach which has been especially reserved for sports and cultural activities. Here we can spot sportspersons — footballers, cricketers, athletes — perfecting their skills on the ground. Not much has changed along this stretch since I was a student at Dhempe College of Arts and Science.

After spending sometime at the Miramar beach, I head back in the opposite direction. But this time in a local bus to a local joint to grab a bite of Goan Pav Bhaji. This is what I look forward to most when I’m holidaying in the beach state!  I usually order a Patal Bhaji, my first preference. The Batata or Potato Bhaji is my second choice. In Goa, we can choose from a variety of breads to eat the Bhaji with. There is the common variety of soft Pav which is also available outside Goa, then there is Undo, a square-sized crisp variety of loaf, or the Poi, the flat and round variety.

Coming back to Patal Bhaji, it is not liquid as the name suggests. It is a thick gravy of well-cooked green or white peas. Potato Bhaji, as compared to Patal, is liquid with tomatoes added to it. The third variety, called Mixed Bhaji, combines the two variants.

One has to visit the restaurants or hotels run by the Goenkars if you want to savour the Goan varieties of Pav Bhaji.  The best part is that the dish tastes the same at any joint in Panjim, Mapusa or anyother part of the state – provided it’s run by the local populace and not by the migrants settled in Goa. In the Udupi joints, the taste will be different and the ingredients too may differ. Therefore I prefer to walk a few extra meters to search for the authentic food joints to enjoy a good breakfast.

If you have a good appetite, along with Pav Bhaji, you may also order other local delicacies of Batata Wada, Green Chilli Bhajji (pakodas), which might sustain you till afternoon.

A good swim at a nearby beach may help you to lose the extra calories, if you are a diet conscious person. However, I would suggest that the issue of calories should be ignored if you are holidaying in Goa. 
See also
http://www.sakaaltimes.com/CricketCarnival/NewsDetails.aspx?NewsId=4818806334451718027&SectionId=4861338933482912746&SectionName=Blog&NewsDate=20150511&Provider=CAMIL%20PARKHE&NewsTitle=Reminiscences%20of%20the%20Goan%20Pao